China

Mandatory Organic Standards and Labels

In China, organic food production is regulated by the National Standards for the People’s Republic of China: Organic Products (GB/T19630-2011). The standard was published in 2005 by the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC), a revised version was published in 2011. Additionally, Administrative Measures for Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree No. 155), implemented at April 1st, 2014, define rules for the certification, production, processing, import and sales of organic products in China.

Responsibility for organic agriculture in China is shared between the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ). The competent authority responsible for the implementation of the organic production standard is the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA), which is responsible for the authorization and supervision of the Chinese organic certification bodies. However, changes for these arrangements are expected.

There is a mandatory national organic logo for organic products certified according to the National Standards (GB/T19630.1-2011 and GB/T19630.2-2011). Part 3 of the standards sets out the general specifications and requirements for the use of the logo (GB/T 19630.3-2011).

National Standard of the People’s Republic of China – Organic Products -Part 1: Production (GB/T19630.1-2011)
Part 1 on organic production of the national standard for organic products. The English version is provided by the Chinese certification body CCIC (China Organic Product Certification).
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National Standard of the People’s Republic of China – Organic Products - Part 2: Processing (GB/T19630.2-2011)
Part 2 on organic processing of the national standard for organic products. The English version is provided by the Chinese certification body CCIC (China Organic Product Certification).
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National Standard of the People’s Republic of China – Organic Products - Part 3: Labelling and Marketing (GB/T19630.3-2011)
Part 3 on organic labelling and marketing of the national standard for organic products. The English version is provided by the Chinese certification body CCIC (China Organic Product Certification).
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National Standard of the People’s Republic of China – Organic Products - Part 4: Management System (GB/T19630.4-2011)
Part 4 on the organic management system of the national standard for organic products. The English version is provided by the Chinese certification body CCIC (China Organic Product Certification).
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USDA: Administrative Measures on Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree No. 155) (Draft English Version)
Revised Administrative Measures for Organic Product Certification announced by China’s General Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and implemented at April 1st, 2014. The measures define rules for the certification, production, processing, import and sales of organic products in China. Chapter 3 covers the import requirements (Article 17 to 24). The unofficial English translation is provided by the Foreign Agricultural Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
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Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC)
Website of the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC), responsible for drafting and publishing Chinese standards, including organic standards.
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General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (AQSIQ)
Website of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ). AQSIQ is responsible for market and import issues, including correct labelling and certification according to the national standard of China (for Chinese and imported organic products). It is also responsible for implementation of sanctions in the case of infringements. Where imported products labelled as organic are not certified to the Chinese organic standard, they will not be permitted for import.
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Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People's Republic of China
Website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People's Republic of China.
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Ministry of Ecology and Environment People's Republic of China
Website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment People's Republic of China.
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Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA)
Website of the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA), the competent authority for the implementation of the organic production standards in China, which is responsible for the authorization of Chinese organic certification bodies.
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Voluntary Organic Standards and Labels

In China, there are two organisations with own standards approved by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM): The Organic Food Development and Certification Centre of China (OFDC) and the Sunshine Earth Farm. OFDC developed an own label which can only be used on exported products.

Organic Food Development and Certification Centre of China (OFDC)
Website of the Organic Food Development and Certification Centre of China (OFDC) with information on the organisation, its standards and its label.
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Control Bodies

The control and certification process is performed by private and state-owned control bodies which are authorized by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA) and accredited by the China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (CNAS). A list of control bodies is provided by the Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA).

List of approved Control Bodies in China
List of Chinese certification bodies approved and supervised by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA). An English version is not available so far.
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Import Requirements

The National Standard of the People’s Republic of China: Organic Products (GB/T19630-2011) and Chapter 3 of the Administrative Measures on Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree Not. 155) on Import of Organic Products define rules for the import of organic products to China.

For countries or regions exporting organic products to China whose certification system is accepted to be equivalent to China’s product certification system, the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA) may sign a cooperation agreement or memorandum with the competent authority of the country. Organic products exported to China from these countries or regions have to be managed in accordance with the requirements set up in the cooperation agreement or memorandum. So far, only New Zealand has signed an equivalency agreement with China, which is not yet in force. With other countries, negotiations are in progress.

Products imported from countries or regions without equivalence agreement, have to comply with Chinese regulations on organic production. These products need a certification by a Chinese inspection body approved by the CNCA. Article 21 to 24 of the Administrative Measures on Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree Not. 155) define the detailed requirements, including the documents that must be submitted as evidence of compliance.

Administrative Measures on Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree No. 155) on Import of Organic Products
Revised Administrative Measures for Organic Product Certification announced by China’s General Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and implemented at April 1st, 2014. The measures define rules for the certification, production, processing, import and sales of organic products in China. Chapter 3 covers the import requirements (Article 17 to 24).
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USDA: Administrative Measures on Organic Product Certification (AQSIQ Decree No. 155) (Draft English Version) on Import of Organic Products
Revised Administrative Measures for Organic Product Certification announced by China’s General Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) an implemented at April 1st, 2014. The measures define rules for the certification, production, processing, import and sales of organic products in China. Chapter 3 covers the import requirements (Article 17 to 24). An unofficial English translation is provided by the Foreign Agricultural Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA, USA).
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List of approved Control Bodies in China
List of Chinese certification bodies approved and supervised by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA). An English version is not available so far.
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Further Information

Further information on organic agriculture in China.

Global Organic Trade Guide: China
Website of the American Organic Trade Association (OTA) providing information on international organic trade. Although designed for U.S. exporters, the information provided might also be interesting for exporters from other countries.
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